To the Father and Mother of Col. Elmer E. Ellsworth:
My dear Sir and Madam, In the untimely loss of your noble son, our affliction here, is scarcely less than your own. So much of promised usefulness to one’s country, and of bright hopes for one’s self and friends, have rarely been so suddenly dashed, as in his fall. In size, in years, and in youthful appearance, a boy only, his power to command men, was surpassingly great. This power, combined with a fine intellect, an indomitable energy, and a taste altogether military, constituted in him, as seemed to me, the best natural talent, in that department, I ever knew. And yet he was singularly modest and deferential in social intercourse. My acquaintance with him began less than two years ago; yet through the latter half of the intervening period, it was as intimate as the disparity of our ages, and my engrossing engagements, would permit. To me, he appeared to have no indulgences or pastimes; and I never heard him utter a profane, or intemperate word. What was conclusive of his good heart, he never forgot his parents. The honors he labored for so laudably, and, in the sad end, so gallantly gave his life, he meant for them, no less than for himself.
In the hope that it may be no intrusion upon the sacredness of your sorrow, I have ventured to address you this tribute to the memory of my young friend, and your brave and early fallen child.
May God give you that consolation which is beyond all earthly power. Sincerely your friend in a common affliction —
Alexandria Gazette, Volume 63, Number 155, 19 June 1862
“It is stated that Nicholas Longworth [Longworth House Office Building used by the U.S. House of Representatives is named for him], the Cincinnati millionaire, has contributed $500 to feed the families of Confederate soldiers at the South.”
Longworth later married the daughter of President Theodore Roosevelt, and became Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Ty Wright/Getty Images
by Ben Mathis-Lilley
After nine black Americans were murdered at a historic church in Charleston, South Carolina, last June by a white supremacist, a number of states removed the Confederate flag or images thereof from official display. Many official tributes to the Confederacy persist, though, and Monday government offices in Alabama and Mississippi are closed as those states celebrate “Confederate Memorial Day.” Several other Southern states hold the same celebration on different dates; state offices in Georgia are closed Monday as well, but per an order signed last year by Gov. Nathan Deal the occasion is now only identified in generic terms as a “State Holiday.”
A new Southern Poverty Law Center report identifies “at least 1,500 symbols of the Confederacy” — monuments, statues, schools named after Jefferson Davis, etc. — in public spaces across the country. Contra the common argument that Confederate tributes are a celebration of ‘heritage’ rather than white supremacy, the SPLC’s press release notes that “the creation of Confederate displays spiked at the beginning of the Jim Crow era and again in response to the civil rights movement.”
Of particular note: 10 United States military bases are named after Confederates, including a fort named after a general named John Brown Gordon who is believed to have gone on to lead the Georgia KKK. Heritage, not hate!
“511. That every white person, being a commissioned officer, or acting as such, who, during the present war, shall command negroes or mulattoes in arms against the Confederate states, or who shall arm, train, organize, or prepare negroes or mulattoes for military service against the Confederate states, or who shall voluntarily aid negroes or mulattoes in any military enterprise, attack, or conflict in such service, shall be deemed as inciting servile insurrection, and shall, if captured, be put to death, or be otherwise punished, at the discretion of the court.”
Alexandria Gazette, Volume 102, Number 14, 16 January 1901
Governor Aycock of North Carolina says that while the good of all the people of his state depends upon restricting negro suffrage to the intelligent members of that race and to those of them who have some material interest in the welfare of the State, it is just as requisite and necessary to secure that race all their natural and legal rights, and to treat them kindly and make all proper allowances for the delinquencies. And he is right.
From Wikipedia page of Charles Brantley Aycock:
In 1898 and 1900, Aycock was prominent in the Democratic Party’s “white supremacy” Solid South campaigns. Aycock’s involvement with the Wilmington insurrection of 1898 is chronicled in official state commission report. “Planned violence to suppress the African American and Republican communities grew into unplanned bloodshed. The frenzy over white supremacy victory, incessantly repeated by orators such as Alfred Moore Waddelland Charles Aycock simply could not be quieted after an overwhelming and somewhat anticlimactic election victory.” Aycock was reportedly not present in Wilmington the day of the insurrection.
In 1900, Aycock was elected Governor over Republican Spencer B. Adams, as part of a sweeping Democratic victory which included a suffrage amendment. Aycock was a supporter of the amendment and campaigned on the issue.
Indeed it has become the fashion among Republicans and Populists to assert the unfitness of the negro to rule, but when they use the word rule, they confine it to holding office. When we say that the negro is unfit to rule we carry it one step further and convey the correct idea when we declare that he is unfit to vote. To do this we must disfranchise the negro. This movement comes from the people. Politicians have been afraid of it and have hesitated, but the great mass of white men in the State are now demanding and have demanded that the matter be settled once and for all. To do so is both desirable and necessary – desirable because it sets the white man free to move along faster than he can go when retarded by the slower movement of the negro.
— Charles Aycock, Address Accepting the Democratic Nomination for Governor, April 11, 1900 
Alexandria Gazette, Volume 63, Number 131, 22 May 1862
Two colored persons have been arrested in this place, charged with violating the laws of Virginia, in keeping a school for negroes. The arrested persons promising to dismiss the school, were discharged by the Mayor.
July 30, 1863
It is the duty of every government to give protection to its citizens of whatever class, color, or condition, and especially to those who are duly organized as soldiers in the public service. The law of nations and the usages and customs of war as carried on by civilized powers, permit no distinction as to color in the treatment of prisoners of war as public enemies. To sell or enslave any captured person, on account of his color, and for no offense against the laws of war, is a relapse into barbarism and a crime against the civilization of the age.
The government of the United States will give the same protection to all its soldiers, and if the enemy shall sell or enslave anyone because of his color, the offense shall be punished by retaliations upon the enemy’s prisoners in our possession.
It is therefore ordered that for every soldier of the United States killed in violation of the laws of war, a rebel soldier shall be executed; and for every one enslaved by the enemy or sold into slavery, a rebel soldier shall be placed at hard labor on the public works and continued at such labor until the other shall be released and receive the treatment due a prisoner of war.
Alexandria Gazette, Volume 102, Number 10, January 11, 1901
“The republican administration did agree to take the remains of dead Confederates who died in Washington away from those of the negroes and teamsters alongside of whom they were buried, and to reinter them by themselves in one spot in the federal cemetery at Arlington, but it refuses to disinter and send them to Richmond to be buried with their colleagues in the Confederate cemetery there. And they will have to remain where they are until their survivors raise the required money for their removal.”
Alexandria Gazette, Volume 90, Number 122, 23 May 1889
Tomorrow,the day of the unveiling of the Confederate Monument will be observed in this city as a partial holiday. After the morning hours the city offices will be closed, as will also most of the business houses, both merchants and clerks being anxious to either take part in or witness the ceremonies. The schools, both public and private, will give holiday and there will be a general turn out of the citizens, and business in a measure will be suspended.
Alexandria Gazette, Volume 101, Number 287, December 4, 1900
R.E. Lee Camp – The regular monthly meeting of the R.E. Lee Camp, Confederate Veterans, was held in their hall last night, Commander Milburn in the chair. A communication relative to preservation of the rolls of the Confederate soldiers by the State, was read and action deferred. Steps were taken in reference to placing on the Confederate monument the name of Capt. Jas. W. Jackson who was killed in this city on May 24, 1861. The following were appointed to make arrangements for the proper observance of Gen. Lee’s birthday January 19 next: On banquet: Comrades Thos. Perry, A.C. Wyckoff, E.C. Graham, F.J. Davidson, Henry Crump, P. Gorman, Edgar Warfield. On speaker: Jno. M. Johnson, K. Kemper, and Dr. Harold Snowden.
Note: At the meeting of the R.E. Lee Camp the night before, meeting notes refer to Lieut. James W. Jackson. I am at a loss to explain how Jackson is posthumously awarded the rank of Lieutenant — and literally, overnight promoted to the rank of Captain — except as subterfuge for including his name on a monument, arguably for the purpose of honoring soldiers who died in service to their cause. I’ve been unable to locate any records of the confederacy which indicate Jackson was enlisted before his death.