Category Archives: Race

Colyer: Lincoln Adamant Against Returning Fugitive Slaves

Vincent Colyer

Alexandria Gazette, Volume 63, Number 150, 13 June 1862

Mr. Vincent Colyer, in his address at the Cooper Institute at N.Y. , on Tuesday night, said, he had seen the President , and spoke as follows: “The President said that the idea of closing schools and sending back fugitive slaves, and searching vehicles going north, never had emanated from his administration. Such an order had never been given by him, nor would it be tolerated by him or his administration. He said more than that. He said no fugitive slave who came within the lines of the United States army should ever be returned to his master.”


According to Wikipedia, Vincent Colyer was an American artist noted for his images of the American west.  During the Civil War, Colyer created the United States Christian Commission, and worked with the federal government to try to help freedmen and Native Americans.

As superintendent of the poor in New BernNorth Carolina under General Ambrose Burnside, he wrote the Report of the Services Rendered by the Freed People to the United States Army in North Carolina, in the Spring of 1862, After the Battle of Newbern (1864). With the government decision in 1863 to allow black troops to fight, Colyer began to recruit and train the men for the United States Colored Troops. He also served with the Indian commission.

Longworth Feeds Confederate Families

Alexandria Gazette, Volume 63, Number 155, 19 June 1862

“It is stated that Nicholas Longworth [Longworth House Office Building used by the U.S. House of Representatives is named for him], the Cincinnati millionaire, has contributed $500 to feed the families of Confederate soldiers at the South.”


Longworth later married the daughter of President Theodore Roosevelt, and became Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Happy Confederate Heritage and Not-at-All Racism Day!

Ty Wright/Getty Images

by Ben Mathis-Lilley

After nine black Americans were murdered at a historic church in Charleston, South Carolina, last June by a white supremacist, a number of states removed the Confederate flag or images thereof from official display. Many official tributes to the Confederacy persist, though, and Monday government offices in Alabama and Mississippi are closed as those states celebrate “Confederate Memorial Day.” Several other Southern states hold the same celebration on different dates; state offices in Georgia are closed Monday as well, but per an order signed last year by Gov. Nathan Deal the occasion is now only identified in generic terms as a “State Holiday.”

A new Southern Poverty Law Center report identifies “at least 1,500 symbols of the Confederacy” — monuments, statues, schools named after Jefferson Davis, etc. — in public spaces across the country. Contra the common argument that Confederate tributes are a celebration of ‘heritage’ rather than white supremacy, the SPLC’s press release notes that “the creation of Confederate displays spiked at the beginning of the Jim Crow era and again in response to the civil rights movement.”

Of particular note: 10 United States military bases are named after Confederates, including a fort named after a general named John Brown Gordon who is believed to have gone on to lead the Georgia KKK. Heritage, not hate!

http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_slatest/2016/04/25/confederate_memorial_day_still_a_thing_in_2016.html

Laws of the Confederate States [partial]

“511. That every white person, being a commissioned officer, or acting as such, who, during the present war, shall command negroes or mulattoes in arms against the Confederate states, or who shall arm, train, organize, or prepare negroes or mulattoes for military service against the Confederate states, or who shall voluntarily aid negroes or mulattoes in any military enterprise, attack, or conflict in such service, shall be deemed as inciting servile insurrection, and shall, if captured, be put to death, or be otherwise punished, at the discretion of the court.”

Voter Suppression — Nothing New

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Picture_of_Charles_Brantley_Aycock.jpg

Alexandria Gazette, Volume 102, Number 14, 16 January 1901

Governor Aycock of North Carolina says that while the good of all the people of his state depends upon restricting negro suffrage to the intelligent members of that race and to those of them who have some material interest in the welfare of the State, it is just as requisite and necessary to secure that race all their natural and legal rights, and to treat them kindly and make all proper allowances for the delinquencies. And he is right.


From Wikipedia page of Charles Brantley Aycock:

In 1898 and 1900, Aycock was prominent in the Democratic Party’s “white supremacy” Solid South campaigns.[1] Aycock’s involvement with the Wilmington insurrection of 1898 is chronicled in official state commission report. “Planned violence to suppress the African American and Republican communities grew into unplanned bloodshed. The frenzy over white supremacy victory, incessantly repeated by orators such as Alfred Moore Waddelland Charles Aycock simply could not be quieted after an overwhelming and somewhat anticlimactic election victory.”[2] Aycock was reportedly not present in Wilmington the day of the insurrection.

In 1900, Aycock was elected Governor over Republican Spencer B. Adams,[3] as part of a sweeping Democratic victory which included a suffrage amendment. Aycock was a supporter of the amendment and campaigned on the issue.[4]

Indeed it has become the fashion among Republicans and Populists to assert the unfitness of the negro to rule, but when they use the word rule, they confine it to holding office. When we say that the negro is unfit to rule we carry it one step further and convey the correct idea when we declare that he is unfit to vote. To do this we must disfranchise the negro. This movement comes from the people. Politicians have been afraid of it and have hesitated, but the great mass of white men in the State are now demanding and have demanded that the matter be settled once and for all. To do so is both desirable and necessary – desirable because it sets the white man free to move along faster than he can go when retarded by the slower movement of the negro.

— Charles Aycock, Address Accepting the Democratic Nomination for Governor, April 11, 1900 [5]

Lincoln’s “Order of Retaliation”

Washington, DC
July 30, 1863

It is the duty of every government to give protection to its citizens of whatever class, color, or condition, and especially to those who are duly organized as soldiers in the public service.  The law of nations and the usages and customs of war as carried on by civilized powers, permit no distinction as to color in the treatment of prisoners of war as public enemies.  To sell or enslave any captured person, on account of his color, and for no offense against the laws of war, is a relapse into barbarism and a crime against the civilization of the age.

The government of the United States will give the same protection to all its soldiers, and if the enemy shall sell or enslave anyone because of his color,  the offense shall be punished by retaliations upon the enemy’s prisoners in our possession.

It is therefore ordered that for every soldier of the United States killed in violation of the laws of war, a rebel soldier shall be executed;  and for every one enslaved by the enemy or sold into slavery, a rebel soldier shall be placed at hard labor on the public works and continued at such labor until the other shall be released and receive the treatment due a prisoner of war.

Abraham Lincoln

Negroes, Teamsters, and Dead Confederates

Alexandria Gazette, Volume 102, Number 10, January 11, 1901

“The republican administration did agree to take the remains of dead Confederates who died in Washington away from those of the negroes and teamsters alongside of whom they were buried, and to reinter them by themselves in one spot in the federal cemetery at Arlington,  but it refuses to disinter and send them to Richmond to be buried with their colleagues in the Confederate cemetery there.  And they will have to remain where they are until their survivors raise the required money for their removal.”

Yeah, That’s Why They Hate The South

Alexandria Gazette, Volume 89, Number 277, 27 November 1888

The talk about inducing immigrants to Virginia has been again revived. Virginia needs immigrants, and needs them badly ; but she is far better without them than she would be with such as form so large a portion of some communities in the North.

The immigrants whom Virginia needs are industrious and thrifty ; and the possession of a little lucre would by no means detract from their desirableness.  Then, too, she would prefer that they should come from the North and Northwest; be people who understand and appreciate, the spirit and operation of free institutions, rather than foreigners who vainly imagine that liberty means license.

But, immigrants who will make good citizens by working for their living don’t like to work with negroes, and for that natural reason they give Virginia and all the South a wide berth.

However, some consolation can be derived from the law of compensation in this as in most all other cases.  As long as there are no immigrants, the  pure American blood of the South, now, according to the last census report, the only section of the country in which that blood retains its purity, will be preserved. But whether that will be for good or evil time alone can tell.

Emphasis added by editor.